Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology
General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Effects of aromatase inhibitors with human gonadotropin on polycystic ovary syndrome resistant to clomiphene: a randomized clinical trial

Mahnaz Ashrafi; Behnood Farazmand; Souzan Soufizadeh Balaneji; Maryam Dadkhah

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 October 2023

Abstract
  Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), the most common cause of infertility, is widely treated with clomiphene citrate and human gonadotropins. Letrozole, an aromatase inhibitor, can also induce ovulation in patients resistant to clomiphene. However, there has been no comprehensive study comparing ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Investigation IVF technique and its relationship to ovarian reserve based on the Melatonin level in follicular fluid as the marker

Rihab Majeed Shareef; Najah Shaker Yassen; Sallama Hamid Alkhudair

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 November 2023

Abstract
  Background: Melatonin play a role in pubertal development and reproductive function through the Hypothalamus-hypophysis-gonadal axis. In addition, melatonin production decreases with age, so that indolamine could be an anti-ageing agent. To assess Intra follicular melatonin level's role in ovarian ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Selected Salivary Parameters and Dental Caries Experience in a Group of Female with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Hadeer Mahmoud Hazem; Baydaa Hussein abed awn

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 22 January 2024

Abstract
  Background & Objective: This study's main objective was to establish physical characteristics (pH and flow rate) and dental caries experience among women with PCOS and to perform an assessment of dental caries relationship to salivary antioxidant biomarker (total antioxidant capacity and uric acid).Materials ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Histological and Molecular Study of HOXA11 Gene in Endometrial Carcinoma and Benign

Zainab Abdulrazzaq Hameed; Abdul Karim salem Mahood; Zainab Abbas Hassooni

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 January 2024

Abstract
  Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is one of commonest ten cancers, and represents fourth most widespread malignancy in females, it mainly happen in postmenopausal women. Endometrial cancer creates from the endometrium and is classified, depend on the development mechanism, into kinds 1 and 2, which are responsive ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Unilateral Diaphragmatic Paralysis, A Rare Complication of Laparoscopic Resection of an Ovary Cyst: A Case Report

Shadi Moloughi; Seyedeh Azam Pourhoseini; mona jafari; Amin Dalili

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 May 2024

Abstract
  Unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis can happen after different thoracic surgeries; however, the development of this disorder after laparoscopy surgery is a very uncommon problem. We reported a case of unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis in a young female, who underwent laparoscopic resection of an ovary ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Vaginal Birth After Two Cesarean Sections (VBAC-2), Success Rate and Adverse Outcomes of VBAC-2 Versus VBAC-1 and Repeat Cesarean Sections: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Maryam Salehi; Leila Pourali; Reyhaneh Rahmani; Atiyeh Vatanchi; Elmira Fardi; Hasan Mehrad-Majd; Mehrdad Gazanchian

Volume 9, Issue 3 , May and June 2024, , Pages 1-1

Abstract
  Background & Aims: Vaginal birth after Cesarean (VBAC) is often offered as an option after a single cesarean section (CS). To evaluate the success rate of vaginal birth after two cesarean sections (VBAC-2).Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus, using search terms (cesarean OR cesarean ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Accidental Laparotomy Myomectomy in Window Period of a Pregnant Woman: A Case Report

Elham Akbari; Fereshte Sarbazi; Behnaz Nouri; Anita Karimi; Sahar Khoshravesh

Volume 9, Issue 3 , May and June 2024, , Pages 18-18

Abstract
  Nowadays, the prevalence of uterine myoma in pregnant women has increased due to the increasing age of pregnancy in women.In this case report, a pregnant woman (window period) with a negative result of ßhCG test and ultrasound in terms of pregnancy underwent myomectomy surgery to remove a large ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Correlation of Obstructed Defecation Syndrome with Pelvic Organ Prolapse and Anorectal Manometry

Zinat Ghanbari; Leila Pourali; Tahereh Eftekhar; Maryam Deldar Pesikhani; Soudabeh Darvish; Zahra Lotfi; Elnaz Ayati

Volume 9, Issue 2 , March and April 2024, , Pages 144-149

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Defecatory dysfunction is a common problem among women who are referred for urogynecological care. Pelvic organs prolapse (POP) which is a downward displacement of pelvic organs is one of the common conditions among patients with defecatory problems. This study was planned ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Assessment of Cesarean Scar Following Conservative Management for Placenta Accreta Spectrum at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Egypt

Mona K. Omar; Ayman S. Dawood; Samah Ahmed Radwan; Ahmed M. Ossman

Volume 9, Issue 2 , March and April 2024, , Pages 167-173

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Conservative treatment of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) become increasingly performed, especially due to acceptance of many obstetricians to preserve the uterus. To evaluate cesarean scar integrity following PAS conservative surgery using Shehata's technique and other ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Comparison Between the Effects of Fentanyl Versus Remifentanil on ICSI Regarding Pregnancy Outcomes

Shams Anmar Burhan; Raed Ghazi Reshan; Abdelaziz El Refaeey; Amoura M. Abou-El-Naga

Volume 9, Issue 2 , March and April 2024, , Pages 218-224

Abstract
  Background & Objective: The presence of anesthetic drugs in the serum with potential negative effects on hormone concentration and pregnancy rate has been shown in a number of human research. To assess the effects on blood hormone concentration and pregnancy rate of two different medications ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Demographic, Clinical Symptoms, Imaging and Pathology Characteristics of Patients with Adnexal Torsion: A Ten-Year Study

Behnaz Nouri; Ladan Ajori; Zohreh Ahmadvand; Saba Fahimhi

Volume 8, Issue 6 , November and December 2023, , Pages 614-619

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Adnexal torsion is a complete or incomplete twisting of the ovary, fallopian tubes, or ovarian cyst around its vascular axis, which can cause blood flow disruption. This disorder is rare but serious and accounts for about 3% of women's emergency surgeries. Early diagnosis ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Surgical Outcomes Within 1 Year After Native-Tissue Apical Suspension for Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Sacrospinous Ligament Fixation Versus Uterosacral Ligament Suspension

Zinat Ghanbari; Leila Pourali; Tahereh Eftekhar; Maryam Deldar Pesikhani; Soudabeh Darvish; Elnaz Ayati; Zahra Lotfi

Volume 8, Issue 5 , September and October 2023, , Pages 431-437

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the herniation of the pelvic organs to or beyond the vaginal wall. Patients with POP may present with specific symptoms like vaginal bulge or pressure or associated symptoms including urinary, defecatory or sexual dysfunction, which could ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Management of Abscess Following Le Fort Colpocleisis

Zinat Ghanbari; Maryam Deldar Pesikhani; Parivash Jelodarian; Reihane Sadat Hosseini

Volume 8, Issue 5 , September and October 2023, , Pages 528-532

Abstract
  Postoperative abscess after colpocleisis is rare. We reported a 67-year-old woman with an abscess after a month of Le Fort colpocleisis. Two abscesses of approximately 5 cm in size were drained. The injection of antibiotics continued up to 7 days after the surgery, and the drain was taken on the 4th ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Disappeared Ovary After Detorsion in a 26-Year-Old Pregnant Woman: A Case Report

Zahra Yazdi; Hoora Amuzegar; Monireh Mirzaie; Seyed Mohammad Hashem Montazeri

Volume 8, Issue 2 , March and April 2023, , Pages 188-193

Abstract
  We present a 26-year-old woman with hypothyroidism that was treated with levothyroxine, and was hospitalized at 25 weeks of gestational age with diagnosis of ovarian torsion and underwent detorsion surgery, but finally, after a few weeks and during cesarean section, no trace and evidence of the ovary ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Clinical Outcome of Self-administered Vaginal Isonicotinic Acid Hydrazide (INH) Before T380A Copper Intrauterine Device Insertion in Adolescent and Young Women: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study

Nahla W. Shady; Hassan A. Farouk; Hany F. Sallam

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, , Pages 391-398

Abstract
       Background & Objective: To see if 900 mg of vaginal isonicotinic acid hydrazide (INH) given 12 hours before insertion of a T380A copper intrauterine device (IUD) was more effective than placebo in increasing insertion ease and reducing insertion discomfort in nulliparous ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
The High Rate of Discordance Between Clinical Symptoms and MRI Findings in Patients with Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

Arvin Arian; Zinat Ghanbari; Seyedeh Nooshin Miratashi Yazdi; Maryam Deldar Pesikhani; Majid Yousefi

Volume 7, Issue 4 , March and April 2022, , Pages 296-303

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Pelvic floor dysfunctions (PFD) are common disorders among women and affect about 50% of them over 50. About 400,000 American women undergo surgery due to the severity of these disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of patients' symptoms with both ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Male Infertility in COVID-19

Sarah Lotfi; Abbas Ahmadi

Volume 7, Issue 4 , March and April 2022, , Pages 354-355

Abstract
  Infertility is the failure of the male or female reproductive system to conceive after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse (1). Failure to ovulate, problems in the menstrual cycle, infections, inadequate egg maturation, ejaculation problems, antibodies that attack sperm and tumors ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Comparison of the Functional and Anatomical Outcomes of Abdominal Sacrocolpopexy and Vaginal Sacrospinous Ligament Suspension for the Treatment of Apical Prolapse

Parvin Bastani; Malahat Ebrahimpour; Fatemeh Mallah; Sakineh Hajebrahimi; Hanieh Salehi Pourmehr

Volume 7, Issue 2 , September and October 2021, , Pages 105-113

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is accompanied by a remarkable decline in the quality of life. Determining the best surgical approach for women with POP is difficult because of outcome variations. We compared the outcomes of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) treatment by abdominal sacrocolpopexy ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Evening Primrose versus Misoprostol for Cervical Dilatation before Gynecologic Surgeries; a Double–blind Randomized Clinical Trial

Behnaz Nouri; Ahmad Reza Baghestani; Paricheher Pooransari

Volume 6, Issue 2 , March 2021, , Pages 87-94

Abstract
  Backround and Objective: Cervical ripening/dilatation is necessary for gynecologic procedures, but pharmacological dilators have several adverse effects. In this regard, evening primrose oil (EPO) has been shown as an effective dilator, though it has few complications. This randomized clinical trial ...  Read More

General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
The Efficacy of Methotrexate Administration in the Prevention of Persistent Ectopic Pregnancy After Laparoscopic Salpingostomy in Tubal Pregnancy

Zahra Rezaei; Negin Azimi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 6-9

Abstract
  Background & Objective:  Persistent ectopic pregnancy (PEP) occurs due to incomplete removal of trophoblastic tissue during tubal pregnancy surgery treatment. If PEP is not diagnosed and treated in time, it can have high mortality and morbidity. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy ...  Read More