Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology
Maternal Fetal Medicine
Investigating the reproducibility of abdominal and vaginal uterine artery Doppler ultrasound in the first and second trimesters

tayebeh sedighi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 May 2023

Abstract
  Introduction: Elevated blood flow resistance in the uterine artery is related to the development of pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction, which can be evaluated with uterine artery Doppler ultrasound (UtA). However, there is a lack of studies regarding its reproducibility. Therefore, we aimed to ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Investigating uterine artery Doppler indices in Iranian Normal Pregnancies

Mahboobeh Shirazi; Fatemeh Rahimi Sharbaf; Fatemeh Golshahi; Behrokh Sahebdel; Elham Feizabad; Leila Asadi; Afsaneh Alimadad-Tafreshi; Arash Jafariyeh; Akram Valizadeh; tayebeh sedighi; Fatemeh Takaloo; Aazam Taghavi-Zahedkalaei

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 December 2023

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Clinical use of uterine artery (UtA) Doppler ultrasound imaging requires reference values but despite the common use of UtA Doppler examination during pregnancy, to the best of our knowledge, there is no such range for Iranian pregnant women. Hence, this study aimed to investigate ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Adipokines in relation to weight, lipid profile and glycemic state in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Shalan HB Al-Mayoofee; Nabiha Missaoui; Sihem Hmissa; Ali Esmail Al-Snafi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 08 January 2024

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common disease in women of childbearing age. The inflammation has participated in the metabolic disorders and irregular menstruation associated with this disease. This study was carried out to correlate between the disturbance of pro-inflammatory ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Neuregulin 4 and Metabolic Health in Women: Implications for Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes

Yusra Shakir Abdulzahra; Sanaa Jameel Thamer

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 May 2024

Abstract
  Background: Neuregulin 4(Nrg4) was found to be highly enriched in brown adipose tissue and plays an important role in regulating glucolipid metabolism. Concentrations of Nrg4 and their relationship with insulin, as well as inflammatory markers IL8 and TNFα, were investigated in individuals with ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Indications and Complications of Prenatal Invasive Diagnostic Tests: A Retrospective Descriptive Study

Mohaddeseh Ghazi; Ashraf Jamal; Vajiheh Marsosi; Laleh Eslamian; Maryam Noorzadeh; Mahsa Naemi; Mamak Shariat; Paria Boustani

Volume 9, Issue 3 , May and June 2024, , Pages 3-3

Abstract
  Background and Objectives: Prenatal invasive procedures are used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.The present study aimed to assess the indications and early complications of invasive diagnostic tests.Materials and Methods: This retrospective descriptive study was conducted on 708 pregnant women ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Poor Maternal Sleep Health Adversely Affects Neonatal and Pregnancy Outcomes: An Important Ignored Health Issue in Prenatal Care

Maryam Saraei; Maryam Shefaat; Omid Aminian; Sahar Eftekhari; Elahe Hesari; Atefeh Behkar; Arezu Najafi

Volume 9, Issue 3 , May and June 2024, , Pages 8-8

Abstract
  Background and Objective: Pregnancy is an exceptionally delicate time in the lives of most women. Sleep disorders during pregnancy can substantially impact a healthy pregnancy. This study investigated the relationship between sleep quality during pregnancy and adverse maternal and fetal pregnancy outcomes. Methods: ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Comparison of Intravascular Versus Intramuscular Betamethasone Phosphate on Neonatal Outcomes in the Cases of Imminent Preterm Birth

Maryam Kashanian; Nooshin Eshraghi; Majid Kalani; Arash Bordbar; Nasim Eshraghi; Mahnaz Kalati; Sara Norouzi; Amir Hossein Kashanian

Volume 9, Issue 2 , March and April 2024, , Pages 125-130

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Preterm birth is the most important cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. Finding the best treatment regimen, of antenatal corticosteroids, has been under serious concern. To compare the efficacy of intravascular versus intramuscular betamethasone ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Correlation of Apgar Score and Umbilical Artery pH in Full-Term Newborns Delivered by Cesarean Section Due to Decreased Fetal Heart Rate

Zahra Panahi; Fahimeh Ghotbizadeh Vahdani; Saeede Eslami Khotbesara; Razieh Akbari; Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh; Soudabeh Kazemi Aski; Mamak Shariat

Volume 9, Issue 2 , March and April 2024, , Pages 137-143

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Despite the high efficacy of the Apgar score in finding respiratory distress, a low Apgar score doesn’t necessarily indicate fetal hypoxia-asphyxia. Umbilical Artery pH (UApH) is one of the best indicators of fetal hypoxia. Therefore, it’s so beneficial to ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
The Evaluation of Clinical Manifestations of Maternal and Neonates in Covid-19-Infected Pregnant Women Referred to Amir Al-Almomenin Ali Hospital in Zabol

Leili Rezaie Kahkha; Farzaneh Zamani; Khadije Rezaie Keikhaie; Masoumeh Mirteimouri

Volume 9, Issue 2 , March and April 2024, , Pages 225-230

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Determining the clinical manifestations of COVID-19 in pregnant and recently pregnant women is important to identify risk factors in order to evaluate complications and maternal and perinatal outcomes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the symptoms of COVID-19 ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Determination and Comparison of the Effect of Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen on Postpartum Hypertension in Pregnant Women with a History of Preeclampsia

Adibeh Mauwloudi; Laleh Eslamian; Vajiheh Marsousi; Ashraf Jamal; Maryam Noorzadeh; Mahsa Naemi; Ali Reza Norouzi; Nazila Mesbah

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January and February 2024, , Pages 1-6

Abstract
  Background & Objective: The aim of this study was to determine which of the two drugs of ibuprofen, as a common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), and acetaminophen would have the least effect on postpartum hypertension in patients with preeclampsia.Materials & Methods: Clinicodemographic ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Evaluation of the Relationship Between Short Femur Length and Preeclampsia

Azam Jafari Fard; Sonia Sadeghpour; Fatemeh Bahadori; Javad Rasouli

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January and February 2024, , Pages 36-44

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Preeclampsia is a perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality-related pregnancy disease. A diagnostic challenge is frequently presented by the finding of a small femur length, especially below the fifth percentile. When the ultrasound was performed, it can be related ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Successful Management of Severe Early-Onset Fetal Hemolytic Anemia Due to Anti-Rh17 Alloimmunization: A Case Report

Seyedeh Noushin Ghalandarpoor-Attar; Fatemeh Rahimi-Sharbaf; Seyedeh Mojgan Ghalandarpoor-Attar

Volume 8, Issue 5 , September and October 2023, , Pages 533-537

Abstract
  As widespread prophylaxis with anti-D Antibodies has dramatically diminished anti-D-associated hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN), other antibodies-associated HDN has become relatively more significant. Two genes encode Rh proteins: the RhD gene coding for the D and the Rh CcEe gene coding for Cc ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Optimal Timing of Multifetal Pregnancy Reduction: The Earlier the Better or Later

Maryam Nurzadeh; Maryam Moshfeghi; Mamak Shariat; Ashraf Sadat Jamal; Vajiheh Marsoosi; Laleh Eslamian; Mahsa Naemi; Maria Nezam Nia; Fedyeh Haghollahi; Seyede Houra Mousavi Vahed

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July and August 2023, , Pages 335-341

Abstract
  Background & Objective: A number of procedures have been developed for multifetal pregnancy reduction (MPR) to reduce the overall number of fetuses in the gestation and improve the maternal outcomes as well as the outcomes of the surviving fetus.Materials & Methods: An observational ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Reproductive-Related Factors Influencing Pregnant Women Satisfaction Towards Vaccination Services

Bushra Abbas Abdullah; Hala Saadi Abdulwahid

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July and August 2023, , Pages 404-410

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Antenatal care service satisfaction is a measure of the degree to which a woman seeking care is happy with the antenatal care service provided to her. As well as, the pregnant women satisfaction is a first indicator about the quality of antenatal care. This study aimed ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Delivering Bad News to End-Stage Children: Emphasizing the Role of Emotions

Nematullah Shomoossi; Mostafa Rad

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May and June 2023, , Pages 306-307

Abstract
  This letter comes to you in the hope of stressing the need to understand age differences and relevant requirements in delivering bad news to end-stage children. Among variables affecting the way healthcare providers communicate bad news, the age of the recipient is a critical factor requiring caregivers’ ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Comparison of the Maternal and Fetal Complications of Vaginal Birth After C-Section (VBAC) and Repeat Cesarean Section in Isfahan Province

Tajossadat Allameh; Zahra Allameh; Zahra Javanmardi; Elham Moazam; Maryam Dehghan

Volume 8, Issue 2 , March and April 2023, , Pages 131-136

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Due to the uncertainties of maternal and neonatal complications after delivery and the lack of similar studies in this regard, this study aimed to compare the maternal and fetal complications of vaginal birth after C-Section (VBAC), natural delivery and repeat Cesarean ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Neonatal Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Consequent to Perinatal SARS-COVID-2- Infection: A Narrative Review Study

Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh; Taraneh Geran Orimi; Mohammad Reza Zarkesh; Tahmineh Geran Orimi

Volume 7, Issue 6 , September and October 2022, , Pages 471-478

Abstract
  Several studies have described multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS) in children, but very few investigations presented this syndrome among neonates (MIS-N). The present study has reviewed the current knowledge about MIS-N, its etiology, symptoms, and outcomes to attract special attention with an eye ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Maternal Vitamin D Concentration in Mid-pregnancy and Its Effect on Fetal Thymus Size: A Report from a Tertiary Center in Iran

Zahra Panahi; Seyedeh Noushin Ghalandarpoor-Attar; Azade Shabani; Mamak Shariat; Fahimeh Ghotbizadeh; Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh; Elham Feizabad; Seyedeh Mojgan Ghalandarpoor-Attar

Volume 7, Issue 6 , September and October 2022, , Pages 536-542

Abstract
  Background & Objective: The thymus gland significantly affects fetal immune system maturation. Additionally, there is a linear association between thymus gland size and its performance. Given the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Iran and scarce studies with conflicting results, subjecting ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Requirement Analysis of mHealth app for Pregnancy Care and a Framework Suggestion for Evaluating Pregnancy Mobile Apps

Seyed Mohammad Ayyoubzadeh; Mahnaz Ahmadi; Fariba Khounraz; Marjan Ahmadi; Rashed Pourhamidi; Sakineh Abbasi

Volume 7, Issue 6 , September and October 2022, , Pages 554-562

Abstract
  Background & Objective: There are a lot of apps for pregnancy care using mHealth technologies. However, it has not been studied which criteria in these apps are essential for increasing the quality of these mHealth programs in pregnant women. Thus this study aimed to review the desirable features ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Comparing the Efficacy of Pessary as an Adjunctive Therapy after Cerclage, and Cerclage Alone in Prevention of Spontaneous Preterm Birth: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Maryam Moshfeghi

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, , Pages 382-390

Abstract
  Background & Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of adjunctive pessary therapy after cerclage in increasing the gestational age (GA) to 37 weeks in women with cervical insufficiency (CI).Materials & Methods: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Elective Cesarean Section Beyond 39 Weeks of Gestation Decreases Prenatal Morbidities and Improve Psychomotor Development One Year After Birth

Mahboobeh Shirazi; Mohammadreza Zarkesh; Maliheh Fakehi; Marjan Ghaemi

Volume 7, Issue 4 , March and April 2022, , Pages 329-334

Abstract
  Background & Objective: This study aimed to compare the neonatal outcomes and infant development one year after birth at different gestational ages of elective cesarean section (CS) beyond 38 weeks.Materials & Methods: This retrospective cohort study was recruited in an academic hospital affiliated ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Evaluation of The Relationship Between Fetal Lung to Head Ratio and Amniotic Fluid Index in The Third Trimester of Pregnancy

Sedigheh Borna; Vida Radi; Maasoumeh Saleh; Mina Ataee; Hanieh Feizmahdavi; Zohreh Salari; Mamak Shariat

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, , Pages 144-150

Abstract
  Background & Objective: This study assessed the relationship between the ratio of fetal lung volume to head circumference and amniotic fluid index (AFI) in the third trimester of pregnancy.Materials & Methods: This prospective study was performed on low-risk pregnant women in their third trimester ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Accuracy of Fetal Cardiac Function Measured by Myocardial Performance Index in Fetal Intrauterine Growth Restriction

Laleh Eslamian; Ashraf Jamal; Vajiheh Marsosi; Marjan Ahmadi; Alireza Golbabaei; Paria Boustani

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, , Pages 165-170

Abstract
  Background & Objective: IUGR (intrauterine growth restriction) fetuses have been known as a significant concern in clinical practice. It is associated with fetal mortality and morbidity and prenatal adverse cardiac remodeling. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the relation between MPI (myocardial ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Digital Health Tools for Prenatal Care in COVID-19 Pandemic

Marjan Ahmadi; Seyed Mohammad Ayyoubzadeh; Sakineh Abbasi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, , Pages 254-255

Abstract
  Pregnant women are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 than the general population. Furthermore, COVID-19 increases the preterm and cesarean rates due to maternal and fetal complications. Owing to the adverse effects of the COVID-19 on pregnant women, in-person prenatal visits face challenges. Thus, alternative ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Evaluation of Coronavirus Anxiety in Pregnant Women on Apgar Score and Birth Weight After One Year of Coronavirus Outbreak (Case Study: Zabol, Iran)

Fatemeh Mirzaie; Khadije Rezaie Keikhaie; Mahin Badakhsh; Bahareh Khajehpour; Samira Ghofrani

Volume 7, Issue 2 , September and October 2021, , Pages 89-98

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Pregnancy is a stressful event in and of itself, which may have an impact on the present prevalence of COVID-19 illness. It is crucial to think about what factors can help pregnant women cope with the anxiety brought on by the COVID-19 outbreak. The purpose of this study was ...  Read More