Farname Inc. in collaboration with Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology

Pregnancy-Associated Breast Cancer

Azadeh Joulaee; Nasibeh Khaleghnejad-Tabari

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November and December 2017, , Pages 1-3

Abstract
  The majority of cases are very young, less than 40 years old, which means they are out of the screening age range. For older pregnant women, screening is not done both due to possible radiation exposure of fetus and low accuracy of mammographyin pregnancy-induced highly dense breasts. Therefore, all ...  Read More

Effects of Estrogen and Progesterone on Catalepsy and Motor and Balance Impairment Classified as Haloperidol-induced Extrapyramidal Disorders

Mohammadmahdi Sabahi; Sara Amiahmadi; Rasool Haddadi

Volume 3, Issue 1 , March and April 2018, , Pages 1-7

Abstract
  Aims: Various evidences have shown the effect of ovarian hormones on locomotor activities and catalepsy induced by a variety of stimuli. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of estrogen and progesterone on catalepsy and motor and balance impairment classified as haloperidol-induced extrapyramidal ...  Read More

The Role of Laparoscopy in Gynecologic Oncology

Firoozeh Sadat Hashemi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , March and April 2019, , Pages 1-4

Abstract
  Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure which has been used in gynecologic cancer since 1994. With technology progressing during years, there are so many kinds of minimally invasive surgeries in gynecologic malignancies. Regarding the importance of overall survival and progression of free survival in cancerous ...  Read More

Fertility Preservation and Important Tips of Cancer in Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA)

Maliheh Arab

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January and February 2020, , Pages 1-5

Abstract
  Cancer in adolescent and young adults (AYA) includes people who are diagnosed with cancer at the age of 15–39. One of the main concerns and consequences of AYA cancer treatment in both sexes is infertility. Premature ovarian failure (POF) is common in multimodal chemotherapy regimens. There is ...  Read More

Gynecology Oncology
Fertility-Sparing in Cervical Cancer

Maliheh Arab

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January and February 2021, , Pages 1-5

Abstract
  In all cancers, the tendency for conservative treatment is on the rise. There are several options for fertility-sparing in cervical cancer including: a) Conization, b) Simple trachelectomy, c) Radical Trachelectomy including: Vaginal, Abdominal, Laparoscopic and Robotic. In conclusion, in young women ...  Read More

Obstetrics and Gynecology
Pharmacotherapy of COVID-19: Considerations for Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Amirreza Naseri; Sepideh Seyedi Sahebari; Mohammad-Salar Hosseini

Volume 7, Issue 1 , September and October 2021, , Pages 1-6

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a chief concern of the international community. As of May 2021, more than 150 million cases and 3.2 million deaths have been recorded. Considering the early struggle in treating COVID-19 ...  Read More

Obstetrics and Gynecology
Diabetes Consequences on Preterm Premature Rupture of Membrane Complications

Saeedeh Shahali; Farnaz Sahhaf Ebrahimi; Simin Taghavi; Elnaz Afsari

Volume 8, Issue 1 , November and December 2022, , Pages 1-10

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes are complications that may be associated with preterm premature rupture of the membrane (i.e. PPROM) during pregnancy. We have investigate the impact of gestational and overt diabetes on PPROM through a statistical campaign. Materials ...  Read More

Comparing the Incidence of Episiotomy Site Infection in Two Groups of Primiparas with and without Taking Prophylactic Antibiotics After Normal Vaginal Delivery Referred to Bent Al-Huda Hospital in Bojnourd

Golnaz Goodarzi; Sosan Rajabian; Maryam Ahmadian; Ateeh Kalateh

Volume 5, Issue 2 , September and October 2020, , Pages 31-38

Abstract
   Background & Objective: Episiotomy is the most prevalent surgery in midwifery which can lead to infection or delay in wound healing like any other wound. Prophylactic antibiotics are currently prescribed after episiotomies in most Iranian centers. According to global efforts as well as WHO ...  Read More

Fear of Childbirth, Fatigue, and Well-being in Pregnant Women

Forough Mortazavi; Fateme Borzoee

Volume 4, Issue 2 , May and June 2019, , Pages 45-50

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Fear of childbirth is an unpleasant and common condition that negatively affects pregnant women’s emotions and undermines the process of natural changes that occur during this period. This study was conducted to determine the relationship of fear of childbirth with the ...  Read More

Comparison of Using Misoprostol with or without Letrozole in Abortion Induction: A Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

Forough Javanmanesh; Maryam Kashanian; Sara Mirpang

Volume 3, Issue 2 , May and June 2018, , Pages 49-52

Abstract
  Aims: The rate of induced abortion is growing worldwide. In this study, we aimed at comparing using misoprostol with or without Letrozole in abortion. Materials and Methods: In this placebo-controlled trial, 46 women with a gestational age of fewer than 20 weeks, who were candidates of legal abortion, ...  Read More

Obstetrics and Gynecology
Evaluation of Antifungal Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts on Candida albicans

Mohamad Kazem Momeni; Omid Bameri; Mehrangiz Ghafari; Sima Saravani; Fereshteh Javadian

Volume 6, Issue 2 , March and April 2021, , Pages 50-56

Abstract
  Today, opportunistic fungi, especially Candida albicans, are among the most common risk factors in patients with weakened immune systems. Fungal infections caused by Candida species and increasing number of azole-resistant strains are of great importance in immunocompromised patients. The toxicity of ...  Read More

Obstetrics and Gynecology
Pregnancy, Parturition and Pandemic: A Review

Geeta Bhardwaj; Alfisha Siddiqui; Lily Podder

Volume 7, Issue 2 , September and October 2021, , Pages 63-68

Abstract
  Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a major public health concern, highly contagious in nature and/or causing high mortalities. This review paper reveals comprehensive interpretations of current COVID-19 reports and their impact on pregnancy in conjunction with antenatal visits, mental health, and ...  Read More

The Effect of Oxytocin Drip During Hysteroscopy on Operative Blood Loss and Fluid Overload

Zahra Rezaei; SeyedeMahsa Hadifar

Volume 5, Issue 3 , November and December 2020, , Pages 80-83

Abstract
  Background and objective: Current study was conducted to determine the effects of Oxytocin drip on operative blood loss and fluid overload during hysteroscopy. Materials and Methods: In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 54 women with abnormal uterine bleeding who were candidates ...  Read More

Prevalence of Traumatic Childbirth and Post-traumatic Stress After Delivery in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Sedigheh Abdollahpour; Talat Khadivzadeh

Volume 4, Issue 3 , September and October 2019, , Pages 86-92

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Traumatic childbirth, followed by postpartum stress, imposes many psychological consequences on women and their families. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of traumatic childbirth and postpartum post-traumatic stress in Iran using a systematic ...  Read More

Effect of Painless Labor on Postpartum Depression

Hojjat Pourfathi; Haleh Farzin

Volume 3, Issue 3 , September and October 2018, , Pages 93-97

Abstract
  Aims: Postpartum depression is a common event after delivery. Among some possible causes, pain is an important contributing factor which can play role in increasing psychiatric disease. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of neuraxial analgesia methods on reducing incidence of postpartum ...  Read More

Obstetrics and Gynecology
The Incidence of Ovarian Involvement in Endometrioid Endometrial Adenocarcinoma: A Retrospective Analysis

Tahereh Ashrafganjoei; Atyeh Bahman; Somayyeh Noei Teymoordash; Soheila Aminimoghaddam; Abdolali Ebrahimi; Maryam Talayeh

Volume 6, Issue 3 , May and June 2021, , Pages 105-109

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Endometrial carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the female genital tract, which most often affects postmenopausal women. The ovaries may be active when a patient has endometrial cancer, so removing an ovary can worsen a patient's quality of life. On the other hand, ...  Read More

New Treatment of Advanced Ovarian Cancer: A Literature Review

Shirin Haghighat

Volume 4, Issue 4 , September and October 2019, , Pages 131-134

Abstract
  Epithelial ovarian cancer is one of the most common gynecological malignancies worldwide with an incidence of 225000 cases annually. For most patients, multimodality treatment including cytoreductive surgery and combination chemotherapy is an accepted standard of care. Despite the relatively favorable ...  Read More

A Review of Plants Effective Against Trichomonas vaginalis (Causative Agent of Human Infections) and Their Therapeutic Properties

Khadijeh Saravani; Omid Bameri; Ideh Baradaran Kayal; Pantea Ramezan Nejad

Volume 5, Issue 4 , September and October 2020, , Pages 131-136

Abstract
  Trichomonas vaginitis is the most common non-viral disease that is transmitted sexually. Although metronidazole is the most effective medication for this disease, it has some adverse effects. Herbal medicines have fewer side effects and are more popular among people. This study aimed to review the plants, ...  Read More

Obstetrics and Gynecology
The Risk Factors Affecting Low Birth Weight in Iran: An Update Systematic Review

Nasibeh Roozbeh; Sepideh Hajian; Soodabeh Darvish; Zahra Kiani

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, , Pages 131-143

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Given the significant role of low birth weight (LBW) in infant death and disability and relevant childhood diseases, the present systematic review was conducted to determine the factors affecting newborns’ birth weight in Iran.Materials & Methods: This study ...  Read More

Post-Mastectomy Phantom Breast Syndrome

Solmaz Fakhari; Hojjat Pourfathi; Haleh Farzin; Eisa Bilehjani

Volume 3, Issue 4 , November and December 2018, , Pages 137-142

Abstract
  Breast cancer is a common type of cancer among female human populations. Approximately, one million new cases are diagnosed per year and it is expected that this amount will increase in the future. In recent years, the common standard surgical procedures for the treatment of breast invasive carcinoma ...  Read More

In vitro Fertilization outcome in Patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Role of Age and Maternal Body Weight

Shahrzad Zademodares; Masoumeh Abbaspour; Maryam Anbarluei; Nayereh Rahmati; Marzieh Fathi; Zahra Naeiji

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July and August 2021, , Pages 161-166

Abstract
  Background & Objective: This retrospective study aims to evaluate the impact of pre-gestational maternal age and body weight on the outcome of IVF in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).   Materials & Methods: Medical records of 200 known cases of PCOS treated in a third level ...  Read More

Gynecology Oncology
The Importance of RTK Signaling Genes and their Inhibitors in Breast Cancer

Maryam Rahimi; Setareh Talebi Kakroodi; Mansoureh Tajvidi

Volume 7, Issue 4 , March and April 2022, , Pages 258-271

Abstract
  Receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling is a crucial pathway in the development of many cancers. KIT, PI3K, and AKT are the major genes in this pathway. KIT RTK functions in cell signal transduction in various cell types, such as cancer cells. A central element of RTK signaling is phosphatidylinositol-4, ...  Read More

Gynecology Oncology
Fertility Preservation in Endometrial Cancer: Current Knowledge and Practice

Soheila Aminimoghaddam; Nima Azh; Somayyeh Noei Teymoordash; Firouzeh Ghaffari

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, , Pages 362-373

Abstract
  Uterine cancer affects more than 1.28 million people worldwide; considering current world trends in obesity and aging, a +52.7% growth by 2040 is foreseen. Around 5% of endometrial cancer patients are less than 40 years old, meaning that conventional oncologic approaches would result in fertility loss; ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Neonatal Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Consequent to Perinatal SARS-COVID-2- Infection: A Narrative Review Study

Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh; Taraneh Geran Orimi; Mohammad Reza Zarkesh; Tahmineh Geran Orimi

Volume 7, Issue 6 , September and October 2022, , Pages 471-478

Abstract
  Several studies have described multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS) in children, but very few investigations presented this syndrome among neonates (MIS-N). The present study has reviewed the current knowledge about MIS-N, its etiology, symptoms, and outcomes to attract special attention with an eye ...  Read More

Cervical Leiomyosarcoma: A Case Report

Soheila Aminimoghaddam; Sahereh Arabian; Shirin Haghighi; Ladan Haghighi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , May and June 2016

Abstract
  Introduction: Sarcoma of the cervix is uncommon and its prevalence is about 1% of malignancies of the cervix. One type of sarcoma is leiomyosarcoma and the location of this tumor in cervix is very rare. Although uterine sarcoma can involve the cervix and lead to misdiagnosis of cervical leiomyosarcoma, ...  Read More