Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 PhD (Medical Sciences), gynecologist of the highest category. Non-profit Joint-Stock Company Semey Medical University, Republic of the Kazakhstan

2 Medical Lab. Techniques department/ College of Medical Technology/ Al-Farahidi University/ Iraq

3 Department of Medical Laboratory Technics, Al-Nisour University College/Baghdad/Iraq

4 College of Media, department of journalism/ The Islamic University in Najaf, Najaf, Iraq

5 Mazaya University College/ Iraq

6 National University of Science and Technology, Dhi Qar, Iraq

7 Department of Prosthetic Dental Technology/ Hilla University college, Babylon, Iraq

8 Department of Medical Laboratory Technics, AlNoor University College, Nineveh, Iraq


Background & Objective: Today, the prevalence of cervical cancer in developing societies and its impacts on various body functions, mainly sexual performance, is of particular significance. In order to examine the relationship between sexual function and its domains with different stages of cervical cancer, the present study was conducted.
Materials & Methods: Examined in the current study were 284 women with cervical cancer referred to the Baghdad Women's Hospitals and selected randomly. The personal profile form and the female sexual function index (FSFI) were among the research instruments. The data were investigated by statistical software SPSS.23 and the Spearman correlation coefficient test. A p-value of less than 0.05 was deemed statistically significant.
Results: The results revealed that 26.8% of women complained of low sexual desire, 43.0% did not receive adequate sexual arousal, and 39.1% experienced deficient vaginal lubrication. Additionally, 46.8% of women did not experience a proper orgasm, 27.8% were dissatisfied with their sexual satisfaction, and 37.0% reported experiencing pain during intercourse. In addition, there was an inverse correlation between the stages of cervical cancer and sexual performance (r= -0.25, P= 0.002), as well as its domains, including sexual desire (r= -0.18, P= 0.02), sexual arousal (r= -0.23, P= 0.004), vaginal lubrication (r= -0.23, P= 0.003), orgasm (r= -0.20, P= 0.009), sexual satisfaction (r= -0.21, P= 0.005), and pain during intercourse (r= -0.26, P= 0.001).
Conclusion: The sexual performance of cervical cancer patients is impaired, and the more advanced stages of the disease weaken sexual performance and its domains.