Farname Inc. in collaboration with Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology
Review Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
The Risk Factors Affecting Low Birth Weight in Iran: An Update Systematic Review

Nasibeh Roozbeh; Sepideh Hajian; Soodabeh Darvish; Zahra Kiani

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 131-143

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Given the significant role of low birth weight (LBW) in infant death and disability and relevant childhood diseases, the present systematic review was conducted to determine the factors affecting newborns’ birth weight in Iran.Materials & Methods: This study ...  Read More

Original Research Article Maternal Fetal Medicine
Evaluation of The Relationship Between Fetal Lung to Head Ratio and Amniotic Fluid Index in The Third Trimester of Pregnancy

Sedigheh Borna; Vida Radi; Maasoumeh Saleh; Mina Ataee; Hanieh Feizmahdavi; Zohreh Salari; Mamak Shariat

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 144-150

Abstract
  Background & Objective: This study assessed the relationship between the ratio of fetal lung volume to head circumference and amniotic fluid index (AFI) in the third trimester of pregnancy.Materials & Methods: This prospective study was performed on low-risk pregnant women in their third trimester ...  Read More

Original Research Article Gynecology Oncology
Assessment of the Diagnostic Value of High-Risk HPV Molecular-based Methods for Triage of Iranian Women with Abnormal Cytological Findings of ASC-US and LSIL

Azam-Sadat Mousavi; Setareh Akhavan; Fareideh Sabzi shahrbabaki; Narges Izadi-mood; Fariba Yarandi; Mehran Ghazimoghadam; Mohammad Pouryasin; Saina Nassiri; Mamak Shariat; Ali Pouryasin

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 151-157

Abstract
  Background & Objective:  Recent advances in molecular testing for human papillomavirus (HPV) has increased the accuracy of cervical screening programs. This study intended to estimate the diagnostic value of high-risk (HR) HPV DNA- and E6/E7 mRNA-based methods for triage of Iranian women with ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
Comparing the Outcomes of Fast-Track Hysterectomy and Routine Abdominal Hysterectomy

Khadijeh Elmizadeh; Misa Naghdipour; Fatemeh Lalooha; Seyedeh Masoomeh Hosseini Valmi; Ali Massoudifar; Marzieh Sarafraz

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 158-164

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Hysterectomy is one of the major gynecologic operations. This procedure can be performed by different methods including abdominal, vaginal, and laparoscopic hysterectomy. In fast-track hysterectomy (FTH), patients do not receive opioids during surgery and there is no ...  Read More

Original Research Article Maternal Fetal Medicine
Accuracy of Fetal Cardiac Function Measured by Myocardial Performance Index in Fetal Intrauterine Growth Restriction

Laleh Eslamian; Ashraf Jamal; Vajiheh Marsosi; Marjan Ahmadi; Alireza Golbabaei; Paria Boustani

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 165-170

Abstract
  Background & Objective: IUGR (intrauterine growth restriction) fetuses have been known as a significant concern in clinical practice. It is associated with fetal mortality and morbidity and prenatal adverse cardiac remodeling. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the relation between MPI (myocardial ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
Evaluation of the Relationship between Shoulder Tip Pain Following Cesarean Section and Inflammatory Response Measured by High-Sensitivity C- Reactive Protein

Nahid Zirak; Leila Mashhadi; Elaheh Jajarmi; Negar Morovatdar; Parisa Mohebbi; Nahid Javdani Haji; Shahrzad Maraghehmoghaddam; Leili Hafizi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 171-176

Abstract
  Background & Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP; as an indicator of inflammatory response) and shoulder tip pain (STP) following cesarean section (C-section).Materials & Methods: In this cohort study, a ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
Intrauterine Growth Restriction with and without Pre-Eclampsia: Pregnancy Outcome and Placental Findings

Mandana Mansour Ghanaei; Sude Amir Afzali; Ali Morady; Roxana Mansour Ghanaie; Seyed Mohammah Asghari Ghalebin; Elahe Rafiei; Roya Kabodmehri

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 177-185

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Accordingly, this study aimed to assess pregnancy outcomes and pathological findings of the placenta caused by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) with or without pre-eclampsia (PE).Materials & Methods: This cohort study was conducted on two groups: Group I was ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
Spinal Analgesia in Labor on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes: A Retrospective Cross Sectional Study

Shahnaz Ahmadi; Katayoon Farahani; Majid Aklamli; Kambiz Ahmadi; Niloufar Beheshti

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 186-191

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Spinal analgesia and Entonox analgesia are used as pain relief methods during labor. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the effect of spinal analgesia and Entonox analgesia on the duration of the first, second, and third stages of labor, Apgar score, and ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
Evaluation of the Outcome of Surgeries in Patients with Covid-19 in the Obstetrics Ward of Motahhari Hospital in Urmia, Iran, From March 2020 To March 2021

Haleh Ayatollahi; Somayeh Ghasemzadeh; Sedigheh Ghasemiyan Dizaj Mehr

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 192-199

Abstract
  Background & Objective: At the beginning of the pandemic COVID-19, most health facilities suspended non-emergency surgeries to ensure emergency care capacity. Due to the need for surgery, and insufficient information about the complications of surgery in these patients, the present study aimed to ...  Read More

Original Research Article Gynecology Oncology
Incidence of Breast and Cervical intraepithelial Lesions: Results of a Screening Program for Women

Seyyed Mohammad Tabatabaei; Moslem Taheri Soodejani; Hamid Reza Shoraka; Marzieh Mahmoudimanesh; Saeid Eslami; Azimeh Ghaderi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 200-205

Abstract
  Background and Objective: Breast cancer is a malignant lesion caused by abnormal changes and growth in breast tissue epithelial cells, including glands, lobules, and larynx. Therefore, the current study's objective was to estimate the incidence of breast and cervical intraepithelial lesions in Iran. ...  Read More

Original Research Article Gynecology Oncology
Investigation of the P16 and Ki67 Predictive Effect on the Progression of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Grade 1 in Shahid Motahari Hospital of Urmia, Iran

Haleh Ayatollahi; Samira Jahangard; Siamak Naji; Zahra Yekta

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 206-212

Abstract
  Background and Objective: Cervical cancer is a common neoplasm in women, and the role of the HPV virus in the development of precancerous and cancerous cells has been established. There exist different strains of the HPV virus with varied functions. In the high-risk HPV strains, the p16 and ki67 proteins ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cesarean Section According to Robson Classification in a Tertiary Hospital, Southern Thailand

Tipnaree Charoonwatana; Charuai Suwanbamrung; Udomsak Saengow

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 213-220

Abstract
  Background and Objective: Cesarean section (CS) rates have increased continuously worldwide in the past decades while not being associated with significant benefits for mothers and newborns. According to Robson's classification, the present research aimed to analyze the associating factor to cesarean ...  Read More

Original Research Article Gynecology Oncology
Survival Pattern Depending on Hormone Receptor Status, Stages of Breast Cancer and Social-Economic Status- A Cohort Study

Sharon Baisil; Rashmi Kundapur; Sachin Chandramoha; Maria Nelliyanil; Prince Abhraham; Vijith Shetty; Rajesh Ballal

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 221-225

Abstract
  Background and Objective: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among females globally and its toll is rapidly rising in India. Accurate knowledge about prognostic factors could assist oncologists in making correct treatment decisions and acquiring a better understanding of the survival of patients. ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
The Comparison of CA125 Levels in the Normal Pregnancy and Threatened Abortion

Esmat Barooti; Farzaneh Rashidi Fakari; Soodabeh Darvish; Narges Tavakoly

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 226-229

Abstract
  Background & Objective: In pregnancy, the serum level of cancer antigen-125 (CA-125) increases in the first trimester and abortion. However, different studies reported conflicting results about the use of serum CA-125 to determine the prognosis of threatened abortion. In the present study, we try ...  Read More

Original Research Article Gynecology Oncology
Comparative Study of Laparoscopic versus Laparotomic Surgery for Adnexal Masses

Behnaz Nouri; Sara Sarani; Maliheh Arab; Mina Bakhtiari; Fereshte Sarbazi; Anita Karimi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 230-234

Abstract
  Background and Objectives: Adnexal masses are among the most important neoplastic lesions observed in women. Considering different results of laparoscopy versus laparotomy for adnexal masses, this study compared the surgical consequences of laparoscopy and laparotomy of adnexal masses.Methods: This prospective ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
Awareness of Coronavirus Disease and Perceived Stress in Pregnant Women

Soudabeh Kazemi Aski; Shiva Alizadeh; Saghi Ghafourian Abadi; Fereshteh Yaseri Gilvaei; Seyedeh Marzieh Kiai

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 235-242

Abstract
  Background and Objective: With the outbreak of the new coronavirus, some sections of society are more vulnerable, including pregnant women. Today, with the pandemic of COVID-19, anxiety, and worries about pregnancy and fetal health have increased and will be associated with adverse consequences ...  Read More

Case Reports Obstetrics and Gynecology
Uterine Rupture in Second Trimester Due to Misoprostol Use: A Case Report and Literature Review

Fatemeh Keikha; Mahshid Shooshtari; Narges Zamani

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 243-246

Abstract
  Intravaginal misoprostol is used worldwide with excellent results for second-trimester pregnancy termination. However, it has a rare but serious complication of uterine rupture, both in previously scarred and unscarred uteri. In this report, we present a case of this rare complication in an unscarred ...  Read More

Case Reports Gynecology Oncology
Rhabdomyosarcoma of the Cervix in Adult is Fertility Preservation Possible? Report of Two Cases

Fariba Behnamfar; Maryam Nazemi; Fereshteh Mohammadizadeh

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 247-250

Abstract
  Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare type of sarcoma. Botryoid type is the most common. The peak incidence is the second decade. Cervical RMS is rare in adults. We reported two cases, A, 31 years old woman G1L1 referred to a gynecologist oncologist with abnormal vaginal bleeding. And pathology reported RMS. ...  Read More

Case Reports Gynecology Oncology
Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor of the Ovary: A Case Report

Shahrzad Sheikhhasani; Hanna Saffar; Narges Zamani; Mohades Peydayesh; Somayeh Nikfar; Mona Mohseni

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 251-253

Abstract
  Due to its rarity, the standard clinical presentation, treatment protocol, and prognosis of primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) have not been clearly described yet. Hence, herein we reported a case of ovarian peripheral PNET whose histomorphology reports caused her certain diagnoses at Imam Khomeini ...  Read More

Letter to the Editor Maternal Fetal Medicine
Digital Health Tools for Prenatal Care in COVID-19 Pandemic

Marjan Ahmadi; Seyed Mohammad Ayyoubzadeh; Sakineh Abbasi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, Pages 254-255

Abstract
  Pregnant women are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 than the general population. Furthermore, COVID-19 increases the preterm and cesarean rates due to maternal and fetal complications. Owing to the adverse effects of the COVID-19 on pregnant women, in-person prenatal visits face challenges. Thus, alternative ...  Read More