Farname Inc. in collaboration with Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology
Review Article Gynecology Oncology
Fertility Preservation in Endometrial Cancer: Current Knowledge and Practice

Soheila Aminimoghaddam; Nima Azh; Somayyeh Noei Teymoordash; Firouzeh Ghaffari

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 362-373

Abstract
  Uterine cancer affects more than 1.28 million people worldwide; considering current world trends in obesity and aging, a +52.7% growth by 2040 is foreseen. Around 5% of endometrial cancer patients are less than 40 years old, meaning that conventional oncologic approaches would result in fertility loss; ...  Read More

Original Research Article Reproductive Medicine
Evaluation of Selected Trace Elements and Glutathione Peroxidase Levels in Female Infertility

Adeola Oluboyo

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 374-381

Abstract
  Infertility is an important world-wide reproductive disorder and some couples are being affected everyday as the population increases. The study aimed to evaluate the levels of selected trace elements (zinc, magnesium, selenium) and glutathione peroxidase in female subjects diagnosed with infertility. ...  Read More

Original Research Article Maternal Fetal Medicine
Comparing the Efficacy of Pessary as an Adjunctive Therapy after Cerclage, and Cerclage Alone in Prevention of Spontaneous Preterm Birth: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Maryam Moshfeghi

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 382-390

Abstract
  Background & Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of adjunctive pessary therapy after cerclage in increasing the gestational age (GA) to 37 weeks in women with cervical insufficiency (CI).Materials & Methods: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at ...  Read More

Original Research Article General Gynecology and Pelvic Floor
Clinical Outcome of Self-administered Vaginal Isonicotinic Acid Hydrazide (INH) Before T380A Copper Intrauterine Device Insertion in Adolescent and Young Women: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study

Nahla W. Shady; Hassan A. Farouk; Hany F. Sallam

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 391-398

Abstract
       Background & Objective: To see if 900 mg of vaginal isonicotinic acid hydrazide (INH) given 12 hours before insertion of a T380A copper intrauterine device (IUD) was more effective than placebo in increasing insertion ease and reducing insertion discomfort in nulliparous ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
The Effect of Metformin in Preventing of Superimposed Preeclampsia: a Randomized Clinical Trial

Shahnaz Ahmadi; Elnaz Salarifar; Kambiz Ahmadi; Maryam Rahimi; Mahshid Bahraini

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 399-404

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Preeclampsia is associated with the release of soluble endoglin (sENG) into the maternal circulation. It inhibits sENG secretion, inhibiting the complex I of the mitochondrial electron transport chain. Therefore, using metformin may be helpful in the prevention of preeclampsia. ...  Read More

Original Research Article Gynecology Oncology
The Prevalence of HPV and non-HPV STIs Among Iranian Women and Assessment of the HPV/non-HPV STIs Co-infection on Cervical Cell Changes

Mohammad Pouryasin; Azam-Sadat Mousavi; Jalil Pakravesh; Delaram Zare Kamel; Shahla Nooriardabili; Shakiba Khodadad; Soheila Aminimoghaddam; Mehran Ghazimoghadam; Yasaman Farbod; Ali Pouryasin

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 405-413

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Persistent infection with some types of Human papillomavirus (HPV), which are high-risk genotypes, can lead the patients toward cervical cancer and, finally, death. Recent studies showed HPV co-infection with non-HPV sexually transmitted infections (non-HPV STIs) could increase ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
Association Between Gestational Diabetes History with Endometrial Hyperplasia and Cancer

Zinatossadat Bouzari; Tara Mohammadi; Mohammad Ranaei; Karimollah Hajian-Taliki; Azita Ghanbarpour

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 414-421

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is also defined as a metabolic disease associated with relative insulin resistance during pregnancy, and elevated circulating insulin may increase the risk of EH and EC development. This study aimed to investigate the association between ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
Vaginal Discharge in Pregnancy: The Relationship of Uterine Contractions in the Case of Preterm Birth

Ivanna Beru Brahmana; Inayati Inayati

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 422-428

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Vaginal discharge caused by infection and inflammation could lead to premature rupture of the membranes, which increases the risk of premature labor. If not handled properly, preterm delivery elevates the neonatal mortality risk and morbidity rate. This study aims to know ...  Read More

Original Research Article Gynecology Oncology
The Effect of Laparoscopic Radical Surgery for Endometriosis on Serum Levels of Lipid Profile and Vitamin D

Behnaz Nouri; Mohadese Alemi; Ahmad Reza Baghestani

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 429-436

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Endometriosis is associated with the increased risk of coronary heart disease and immune alterations, which may be attributed to the altered lipid profile and decreased serum level of 25–hydroxyl vitamin D (25(OH)D). The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of ...  Read More

Original Research Article Reproductive Medicine
Laparoscopic Tubal Adhesiolysis Versus ICSI in Cases of Post-Cesarean Adhesions: Which Is the Best?

Ayman S. Dawood; Walid M. Atallah; Tamer M. Assar

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 437-444

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Secondary infertility resulting from tubal adhesions following cesarean section are not uncommon. The decision to do adhesiolysis or direct IVF/ICSI is to some extent difficult. This study was conducted to evaluate the benefits/risks of either adhesiolysis or direct IVF/ICSI ...  Read More

Original Research Article Obstetrics and Gynecology
The Relationship of Non-stress Test Results and Pregnancy Outcomes in Insulin-treated Diabetic Pregnant Women

Nooshin Amjadi; Nasrin Mansori; Leili Rezaie Kahkha; Mojtaba Ashrafi; Saeedeh Chalaki; Khadije Rezaie Keikhaie

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 445-451

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Diabetes Mellitus refers to a group of specific metabolic diseases with a hyperglycemic phenotype. The present study compares pregnancy outcomes and nonstress tests (NST) in insulin-treated diabetic women with healthy pregnant women.Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

Case Reports Gynecology Oncology
Is Uterine Cervix Lymphoma Missed Most of the Time? A Rare Case of Primary Cervical Lymphoma

Tajossadat Alameh; Leila Mousavi Seresht; Noshin Afshar; Behnoosh Mohamadi Jazi

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 452-457

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Primary lymphoma of the cervix is rare and can be misdiagnosed most of the time. On the other hand, there is no consensus on the best treatment and follow-up strategy for this type of cervical malignancy. The present study aimed to present a misdiagnosed primary cervical lymphoma ...  Read More

Case Reports Obstetrics and Gynecology
Successful Pregnancy after Conservative Surgical Management of Uterine Rupture due to Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia: A Case Report

Fariba Yarandi; Sara Ramhormozian; Behzad Asanjarani; Elham Shirali

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 458-462

Abstract
  GTN (Gestational trophoblastic neoplasm) complications such as uterine rupture or massive bleeding can be life-threatening and usually need a hysterectomy. In young patients who want to preserve fertility, hysterectomy is not suitable. Under specific circumstances, some physicians choose conservative ...  Read More

Case Reports Obstetrics and Gynecology
Normal Vaginal Delivery in a Persistent Vegetative State: Suggestive Management, a Case Report and Literature Review

Marzieh Talebian; Niloofar Mehri; Maryam Mousavi Shirazi

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 462-465

Abstract
  Severe injury to the nervous system in pregnancy needs advanced critical care support to the mother and consideration of fetal effects. Managing persistent vegetative state (PSV) cases in pregnant patients is complex due to the lack of clear guidelines for medical and ethical reasons. This reports a ...  Read More

Case Reports Obstetrics and Gynecology
Which is Responsible for Bradycardia in Woman Treated for Incomplete Abortion and Thrombocytopenia? Intravenous Immunoglobulins, Methylprednisolone or Clindamycin

Sedigheh Ghasemian; Somayeh Ghasemzadeh; Ali Soleimany

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, Pages 466-470

Abstract
  Clindamycin, IVIg, and corticosteroids are widely used in medicine. In this study, we represent an unusual case of sinus bradycardia following the administration of these drugs. The patient was a 31-year-old woman who presented a complaint of vaginal bleeding at Shahid Motahhari Hospital, Urmia, Iran. ...  Read More