Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology


1 Gyneco-Oncology Fellowship, Preventative Gynecology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor of Gyneco-Oncology, Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 M.Sc. of Sciences Developmental Biology, Science and Resarch Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 Community Medicine Specialist Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Dermoid cyst is a benign and common ovarian neoplasm affecting women. Sources for this review article were taken from PubMed and other up-to-date databases covering the period from Jan 2010 to Jan 2016. Keywords for the search were “dermoid cyst” and “treatment”. A search of the literature revealed 113 full text manuscripts, from which 21 were relevant. In addition, another 56 relevant manuscripts identified in the reference lists of the above-mentioned 21 manuscripts were included in the study, although they had been published before 2010. Clinical considerations for dermoid cyst management are categorized as follows: 1) selection of the best choice of surgical treatment in dermoid cyst: laparoscopy or laparotomy; 2) procedure to exteriorize a dermoid cyst in laparoscopy; 3) selection of oophorectomy or cystectomy; 4) spillage of the cyst contents: prevention and treatment of the consequences if it does happen; 5) necessity of surgical treatment in dermoid cyst management; 6) ovarian torsion and other complications; 7) Probability of malignancy in dermoid cyst.


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