Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology

Document Type : Original Research Article


Shahid AkbarAbadi Clinical Research Development unit (SHACRDU), School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran


Background & Objective: Clomiphene resistance is an important problem among women with Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) suffering from infertility. Recognition of the causes would result in better prognosis in these patients. This study was performed to determine different PCOD phenotypes and their effects on clomiphene resistance in infertile women.
Materials & Methods: In this descriptive-comparative cross-sectional study, 200 consecutive PCOD women with infertility taking clomiphene who were reffered to Akbarabadi hospital in 2017 and 2018 were enrolled. Different PCOD phenotypes and their effects on clomiphene resistance among these women were assessed.
Results: The results showed that A, B, C, and D phenotypes were observed in 79 (39.5%), 13 (6.5%), 51 (25.5%), and 57 (28.5%) patients, respectively. Sixty-one patients (30.5%) had resistance. Despite no significant difference between phenotypes (P=0.064), the most common PCOD phenotype was A (HA+OA+PCO) found in 39.2% and D (OA+PCO) was seen in 29.8% of the patients.
Conclusion: According to the results, there was no significant association between PCOD phenotypes and clomiphene resistance. Finally, A and D phenotypes were frequent types with clomiphene resistance.


 According to the results, there was no significant association between PCOD phenotypes and clomiphene resistance. Finally, A and D phenotypes were frequent types with clomiphene resistance.


Main Subjects

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