Farname Inc. in collaboration with Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology


1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Kurdistan, Iraq

2 Department of Nursing, Zakho Technical Institute, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan, Iraq


Background: For decreasing unintended pregnancies and maternal mortality, women need to use contraceptive methods accurately. For choosing or discontinuation of any method, different factors may interfere with the options. The aim of the study was to predict factors influencing contraception in our community.
Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in primary healthcare centers in Duhok city, period from 1st December 2021 to 1st April 2022. The studied sample was 400 married women aged between (18-45) years old. Information on sociodemographic, obstetrical, contraceptive methods used, factors of choosing, and discontinuation were obtained from respondents. The statistical calculations were performed in John's Macintosh Project (JMP) Pro 14.3.0.
Results: Out of 400 women 269(67.25%) aged 18-34, 106(26.50%) completed primary education, and 204(51.00%) desire to conceive. Withdrawal was the most common used method 257(64.25%), oral contraceptive pills 43(10.75%), intrauterine device 39(9.75%), and male condom 35(8.75%). Discontinuation of contraceptives took place for the desire to get pregnancy 256(64.00%). Most of failure rate were seen among withdrawal users which recorded 77(19.25%), and those who experienced side effects were 42(10.50%).
Conclusion: Educational program are requested to improve the behavior and attitude toward family control


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