Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology


1 Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Al-zahra Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

2 Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Al-zahraHospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

3 Reproductive Health Research Center, , Al-zahra Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

4 Vice-Chancellorship of Research and Technology, Guilan University of Medical Science, Rasht

5 Reproductive Health Research Center, Al-Zahra Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran


Background and objective:    Anti Mullerian hormone (AMH) level is a practical index of ovarian reserve and an indicator of ovarian response in infertile women. The aim of this study was to evaluating relationship between AMH levels and demographic factors.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Al-zahra hospital Rasht in the north of Iran, 234 patients, 18-45 years old, were enrolled. The demographic parameters (e.g. age, education, habitat and etc.) and AMH levels were recorded for each patient. The patients were devided into two groups based on their AMH levels [group 1:less than 1.1 (ng/ml) vs. group 2:more than (1.1 ng/ml)].The data were analyzed by SPSS-21 software.
Results: The mean AMH level was 2.66 ng/ml. Age, education status and habitat showed significant differences among subjects with AMH levels, so that with aging the AMH levels decreased. Patients living in villages or the ones with low educational degrees and those with higher parities also revealed lower levels of AMH (p<0.05).
Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between age, educational status and habitat with AMH values. Similar to other studies, we believe, that with aging the AMH levels decrease. Furthermore, the other two aforementioned demographic features could affect a woman’s ovarian reserve and fertility status, too.


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