Document Type : Original Research Article
- Berikuly Duman 1
- Ali Abdulhussain Fadhil 2
- Samah Sajad Kadim 3
- Ayad Abas Hasan 4
- Naseer Mehdi Mohammed 5
- Ebtihal Sattar Qasim 6
- Tamara Muayad Abdullah 7
1 PhD (Medical Sciences), gynecologist of the highest category. Non-profit Joint-Stock Company Semey Medical University, Republic of the Kazakhstan
2 College of Medical Technology/ Medical Lab techniques, ; Al-Farahidi University/Iraq
3 Medical Laboratories Techniques Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq
4 college of media/ The Islamic university in Najaf, Iraq
5 Mazaya University College/ Iraq
6 college of nursing/ National University of Science and Technology, Dhi Qar, Iraq
7 Department of Radiology and Sonar Techniques, AlNoor University College, Nineveh, Iraq
Background & Objective: Preeclampsia is related to numerous maternal and fetal complications, like intrauterine increase restriction, preterm delivery, and a raised danger of baby death. In order to determine the predictive amount of uterine artery Doppler sonography indices for neonatal complications in pregnant patients with preeclampsia, the present study was conducted.
Materials & Methods: In 2020, in Alwiyah Hospital for Obstetrics and Gynecology in Baghdad, 87 pregnant women with preeclampsia and 160 healthy pregnant women participated in the present prospective study. The Doppler signal of the uterine arteries was evaluated during a supine abdominal Doppler ultrasound examination executed between 26 and 36 weeks of pregnancy. The survey form was updated with information about the birth of the children following the termination of the pregnancy. The data were evaluated using SPSS.19 and independent t, Mann-Whitney, and chi-square tests.
Results: The mean uterine artery pulsatility index of mothers with preeclampsia had the greatest sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive amount of predicting a baby's low birth weight at 54.8%, 87.3%, and 91.6%, respectively. In addition, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive amount of the mean uterine artery resistance index for predicting a baby's low birth weight were 65.2%, 96.4%, and 95.4%, respectively.
Conclusion: Although uterine artery indices in Doppler ultrasound do not have a high sensitivity for predicting neonatal complications, abnormal indices can predict low birth weight with high confidence.