Document Type : Original Research Article
1 Departments of Community Medicine, Hammurabi College of Medicine, University of Babylon, Iraq
2 Assistant professor (Obstetrician and gynecologist), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology-Hammurabi College of Medicine University of Babylon, Iraq
Background: Congenital anomalies are a global issue and the primary reason of death in both developed and advanced countries. Congenital anomalies occur at varying rates in various populations.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of congenital anomalies in newborns, as well as the associated maternal and environmental factors, in newborns presented at the Babylon teaching hospital for motherhood and pediatrics in AL-Hilla city between 2017 and 2021.
Methodology: This study follows a descriptive design, was based on population data from the statistic registry covering the AL-Hilla city, Iraq, 2017 to 2021. The registry covers live, still births also maternal and neonatal information regarding sex, birth weight, parental consanguinity, maternal age, were recorded. After clinical examination, if required, were done to confirm diagnosis.
Results: There were 214 congenitally deformed newborns among the 46,777 births in AL-Hilla city. There were 109 men (50.69 percent) and 103 women (47.90 percent). The most common congenital malformations discovered were those relating to the neurological system, followed by those relating to the musculoskeletal system.
Conclusion: Anomalies in the central nervous system were most apparent, however, the research was able to supply a rough estimate of the prevalence of congenital anomalies in AL-Hilla city and identify their main types which could be important for informing public policy and clinical practice.