Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Non-Profit Joint Stock Company "Semey Medical University, Department of Hospital Surgery, Semey, Republic of the Kazakhstan

2 Medical Technical College, Al-Farahidi University, Baghdad, Iraq

3 Department of Medical Laboratory Technics, Al-Noor University College, Nineveh, Iraq

4 Department of Dentistry, Al-Zahrawi University College, Karbala, Iraq

5 Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, College of Pharmacy, Al-Ayen University, Thi-Qar, Iraq

6 Department of Medical Engineering, Al-Hadi University College, Baghdad, Iraq

7 College of Pharmacy, National University of Science and Technology, Dhi Qar, Iraq

8 Department of Medical Engineering, Al-Esraa University College, Baghdad, Iraq


Background & Objective: The birth of a baby with a low birth-weight (LBW), which has numerous consequences, is one of the most significant problems associated with childbirth. By evaluating the factors influencing LBW in infants, therapeutic interventions can be improved to mitigate its effects. In this regard, the present study aims to identify the causes of LBW in infants and assess these causes' impact.
Materials & Methods: In the current retrospective observational study, the required data regarding demographic variables and history of pregnancy and childbirth was extracted from 730 electronic records of deliveries performed from Alwiyah Hospital for Obstetrics and Gynecology in Baghdad in 2021 involving infants with LBW. The SPSS.23 software,the t-test, independent t-test, and multiple logistic regression were used to analyze the data. The results' significance level was deemed to be less than 0.05.
Results: The multiple logistic regression analysis model included variables with a significance level of less than 0.05. The results show that the variables of mother's age at delivery, the number of babies born in the current delivery, history of infertility, and iron deficiency anemia increase the chances of LBW by 0.48, 3.12, 0.38, and 0.56, respectively, and had a significant relationship with LBW infants (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Paying particular attention to the treatment and improvement of the practical factors in LBW before birth in pregnant women is crucial.


Main Subjects

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