Background & Objective: Considering the heterogeneity in the brachytherapy treatment process for cervical cancer in Iran, the Radiation Oncology Research Center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences) developed a guideline on brachytherapy for the treatment of patients with cervical cancer in cooperation with the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Cancer Research Institute, Iranian Society of Radiation Oncology, Iranian Association of Medical Physics, and Cancer Administration of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education.
Methods and Materials: This study was designed with the aim to provide a standard protocol of brachytherapy for the treatment of cervical cancer by the Iranian Brachytherapy Society at Radiation Oncology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran in 2020.
Results: These guidelines, which address the principles and details of brachytherapy for cervical cancer, were localized and developed based on the references listed in the supporting document. This document was mainly developed based on a localized version of the American Brachytherapy Society (ABS) guidelines.
Conclusion: Brachytherapy should be introduced as a necessary part of the treatment plan in patients with cervical cancers. Here, we provided a comprehensive guideline for the treatment of cervical cancer radiotherapy using high-dose-rate brachytherapy which can help medical service providers involved in the treatment of cervical cancer to provide better services to cervical cancer patients and decrease the existing heterogeneity in radiotherapy approaches in Iran.