Iranian Society of Gynecology Oncology
Maternal Fetal Medicine
Correlation of Apgar score and umbilical artery pH in full-term newborns delivered by Caesarean section due to decreased fetal heart rate

Zahra Panahi; Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh; Soudabeh Kazemi Aski,; Saeede Eslami Khotbesara; Mamak Shariat; Fahimeh Ghotbizadeh; Razieh Akbari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 17 May 2023

Abstract
  Introduction: Despite the high efficacy of the Apgar score to find respiratory distress, a low Apgar score doesn’t necessarily indicate fetal hypoxia-asphyxia. Umbilical Artery pH (UApH) is one the best indicator of fetal hypoxia. Therefore it’s so beneficial to consider these criteria and ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Investigating the reproducibility of abdominal and vaginal uterine artery Doppler ultrasound in the first and second trimesters

tayebeh sedighi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 May 2023

Abstract
  Introduction: Elevated blood flow resistance in the uterine artery is related to the development of pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction, which can be evaluated with uterine artery Doppler ultrasound (UtA). However, there is a lack of studies regarding its reproducibility. Therefore, we aimed to ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Investigating uterine artery Doppler indices in Iranian Normal Pregnancies

Mahboobeh Shirazi; Fatemeh Rahimi Sharbaf; Fatemeh Golshahi; Behrokh Sahebdel; Elham Feizabad; Leila Asadi; Afsaneh Alimadad-Tafreshi; Arash Jafariyeh; Akram Valizadeh; tayebeh sedighi; Fatemeh Takaloo; Aazam Taghavi-Zahedkalaei

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 December 2023

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Clinical use of uterine artery (UtA) Doppler ultrasound imaging requires reference values but despite the common use of UtA Doppler examination during pregnancy, to the best of our knowledge, there is no such range for Iranian pregnant women. Hence, this study aimed to investigate ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Adipokines in relation to weight, lipid profile and glycemic state in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Shalan HB Al-Mayoofee; Nabiha Missaoui; Sihem Hmissa; Ali Esmail Al-Snafi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 08 January 2024

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common disease in women of childbearing age. The inflammation has participated in the metabolic disorders and irregular menstruation associated with this disease. This study was carried out to correlate between the disturbance of pro-inflammatory ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Determination and Comparison of the Effect of Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen on Postpartum Hypertension in Pregnant Women with a History of Preeclampsia

Adibeh Mauwloudi; Laleh Eslamian; Vajiheh Marsousi; Ashraf Jamal; Maryam Noorzadeh; Mahsa Naemi; Ali Reza Norouzi; Nazila Mesbah

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January and February 2024, , Pages 1-6

Abstract
  Epigenetic silencing of MLH1 in endometrial cancers is associated with larger tumor volume, increased rate of lymph node positivity, and reduced recurrence-free survival Background: The aim of this study was to determine which of the two drugs of ibuprofen, as a common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Evaluation of the Relationship Between Short Femur Length and Preeclampsia

Azam Jafari Fard; Sonia Sadeghpour; Fatemeh Bahadori; Javad Rasouli

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January and February 2024, , Pages 36-44

Abstract
  Background and Objective:  Preeclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The detection of a short femur length, particularly below the 5th centile is often a diagnostic dilemma. It might be associated with fetal growth restriction at the time ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Successful Management of Severe Early-Onset Fetal Hemolytic Anemia Due to Anti-Rh17 Alloimmunization: A Case Report

Seyedeh Noushin Ghalandarpoor-Attar; Fatemeh Rahimi-Sharbaf; Seyedeh Mojgan Ghalandarpoor-Attar

Volume 8, Issue 5 , September and October 2023, , Pages 533-537

Abstract
  As widespread prophylaxis with anti-D Antibodies has dramatically diminished anti-D-associated hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN), other antibodies-associated HDN has become relatively more significant. Two genes encode Rh proteins: the RhD gene coding for the D and the Rh CcEe gene coding for Cc ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Optimal Timing of Multifetal Pregnancy Reduction: The Earlier the Better or Later

Maryam Nurzadeh; Maryam Moshfeghi; Mamak Shariat; Ashraf Sadat Jamal; Vajiheh Marsoosi; Laleh Eslamian; Mahsa Naemi; Maria Nezam Nia; Fedyeh Haghollahi; Seyede Houra Mousavi Vahed

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July and August 2023, , Pages 335-341

Abstract
  Background & Objective: A number of procedures have been developed for multifetal pregnancy reduction (MPR) to reduce the overall number of fetuses in the gestation and improve the maternal outcomes as well as the outcomes of the surviving fetus.Materials & Methods: An observational ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Reproductive-Related Factors Influencing Pregnant Women Satisfaction Towards Vaccination Services

Bushra Abbas Abdullah; Hala Saadi Abdulwahid

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July and August 2023, , Pages 404-410

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Antenatal care service satisfaction is a measure of the degree to which a woman seeking care is happy with the antenatal care service provided to her. As well as, the pregnant women satisfaction is a first indicator about the quality of antenatal care. This study aimed ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Delivering Bad News to End-Stage Children: Emphasizing the Role of Emotions

Nematullah Shomoossi; Mostafa Rad

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May and June 2023, , Pages 306-307

Abstract
  This letter comes to you in the hope of stressing the need to understand age differences and relevant requirements in delivering bad news to end-stage children. Among variables affecting the way healthcare providers communicate bad news, the age of the recipient is a critical factor requiring caregivers’ ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Comparison of the Maternal and Fetal Complications of Vaginal Birth After C-Section (VBAC) and Repeat Cesarean Section in Isfahan Province

Tajossadat Allameh; Zahra Allameh; Zahra Javanmardi; Elham Moazam; Maryam Dehghan

Volume 8, Issue 2 , March and April 2023, , Pages 131-136

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Due to the uncertainties of maternal and neonatal complications after delivery and the lack of similar studies in this regard, this study aimed to compare the maternal and fetal complications of vaginal birth after C-Section (VBAC), natural delivery and repeat Cesarean ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Neonatal Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Consequent to Perinatal SARS-COVID-2- Infection: A Narrative Review Study

Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh; Taraneh Geran Orimi; Mohammad Reza Zarkesh; Tahmineh Geran Orimi

Volume 7, Issue 6 , September and October 2022, , Pages 471-478

Abstract
  Several studies have described multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS) in children, but very few investigations presented this syndrome among neonates (MIS-N). The present study has reviewed the current knowledge about MIS-N, its etiology, symptoms, and outcomes to attract special attention with an eye ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Maternal Vitamin D Concentration in Mid-pregnancy and Its Effect on Fetal Thymus Size: A Report from a Tertiary Center in Iran

Zahra Panahi; Seyedeh Noushin Ghalandarpoor-Attar; Azade Shabani; Mamak Shariat; Fahimeh Ghotbizadeh; Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh; Elham Feizabad; Seyedeh Mojgan Ghalandarpoor-Attar

Volume 7, Issue 6 , September and October 2022, , Pages 536-542

Abstract
  Background & Objective: The thymus gland significantly affects fetal immune system maturation. Additionally, there is a linear association between thymus gland size and its performance. Given the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Iran and scarce studies with conflicting results, subjecting ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Requirement Analysis of mHealth app for Pregnancy Care and a Framework Suggestion for Evaluating Pregnancy Mobile Apps

Seyed Mohammad Ayyoubzadeh; Mahnaz Ahmadi; Fariba Khounraz; Marjan Ahmadi; Rashed Pourhamidi; Sakineh Abbasi

Volume 7, Issue 6 , September and October 2022, , Pages 554-562

Abstract
  Background & Objective: There are a lot of apps for pregnancy care using mHealth technologies. However, it has not been studied which criteria in these apps are essential for increasing the quality of these mHealth programs in pregnant women. Thus this study aimed to review the desirable features ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Comparing the Efficacy of Pessary as an Adjunctive Therapy after Cerclage, and Cerclage Alone in Prevention of Spontaneous Preterm Birth: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Maryam Moshfeghi

Volume 7, Issue 5 , July and August 2022, , Pages 382-390

Abstract
  Background & Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of adjunctive pessary therapy after cerclage in increasing the gestational age (GA) to 37 weeks in women with cervical insufficiency (CI).Materials & Methods: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Elective Cesarean Section Beyond 39 Weeks of Gestation Decreases Prenatal Morbidities and Improve Psychomotor Development One Year After Birth

Mahboobeh Shirazi; Mohammadreza Zarkesh; Maliheh Fakehi; Marjan Ghaemi

Volume 7, Issue 4 , March and April 2022, , Pages 329-334

Abstract
  Background & Objective: This study aimed to compare the neonatal outcomes and infant development one year after birth at different gestational ages of elective cesarean section (CS) beyond 38 weeks.Materials & Methods: This retrospective cohort study was recruited in an academic hospital affiliated ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Evaluation of The Relationship Between Fetal Lung to Head Ratio and Amniotic Fluid Index in The Third Trimester of Pregnancy

Sedigheh Borna; Vida Radi; Maasoumeh Saleh; Mina Ataee; Hanieh Feizmahdavi; Zohreh Salari; Mamak Shariat

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, , Pages 144-150

Abstract
  Background & Objective: This study assessed the relationship between the ratio of fetal lung volume to head circumference and amniotic fluid index (AFI) in the third trimester of pregnancy.Materials & Methods: This prospective study was performed on low-risk pregnant women in their third trimester ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Accuracy of Fetal Cardiac Function Measured by Myocardial Performance Index in Fetal Intrauterine Growth Restriction

Laleh Eslamian; Ashraf Jamal; Vajiheh Marsosi; Marjan Ahmadi; Alireza Golbabaei; Paria Boustani

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, , Pages 165-170

Abstract
  Background & Objective: IUGR (intrauterine growth restriction) fetuses have been known as a significant concern in clinical practice. It is associated with fetal mortality and morbidity and prenatal adverse cardiac remodeling. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the relation between MPI (myocardial ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Digital Health Tools for Prenatal Care in COVID-19 Pandemic

Marjan Ahmadi; Seyed Mohammad Ayyoubzadeh; Sakineh Abbasi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , January and February 2022, , Pages 254-255

Abstract
  Pregnant women are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 than the general population. Furthermore, COVID-19 increases the preterm and cesarean rates due to maternal and fetal complications. Owing to the adverse effects of the COVID-19 on pregnant women, in-person prenatal visits face challenges. Thus, alternative ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Evaluation of Coronavirus Anxiety in Pregnant Women on Apgar Score and Birth Weight After One Year of Coronavirus Outbreak (Case Study: Zabol, Iran)

Fatemeh Mirzaie; Khadije Rezaie Keikhaie; Mahin Badakhsh; Bahareh Khajehpour; Samira Ghofrani

Volume 7, Issue 2 , September and October 2021, , Pages 89-98

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Pregnancy is a stressful event in and of itself, which may have an impact on the present prevalence of COVID-19 illness. It is crucial to think about what factors can help pregnant women cope with the anxiety brought on by the COVID-19 outbreak. The purpose of this study was ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Does Labor Affect Neonatal NRBC Count?

mandana Mansour Ghanaie; Roxana Mansour Ghanaie; Seyed Mohammad Asgari Galebin; Seyedeh Hajar Sharami; Mojgan Mohebalizade

Volume 7, Issue 1 , September and October 2021, , Pages 25-31

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) enter the circulation in response to hypoxia, but it remains unknown how physiological delivery without fetal distress can change the NRBC level. Accordingly, in the present study, we compared the mean NRBCs per white blood cell (WBC) in the ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Coagulopathy State in Pregnant Women with COVID-19 involvement: 2 Case Reports

rana razavi; samira jahangard

Volume 7, Issue 1 , September and October 2021, , Pages 52-58

Abstract
  Pregnant women appear to be more severely affected by COVID-19. Coagulopathy is known as one of the most challenging effects of COVID-19, and the effects of acute airway diseases resulting from the coronavirus on pregnant mothers and their fetuses can be dangerous. Two women who where pregnant suffering ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Evaluation of the Combination of HbA1C with Hematocrit for Early Screening of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Ali Reza Norouzi; Mahsa Siavashi; Fatemeh Norouzi; Maryam Talayeh; Somayyeh Noei Teymoordash

Volume 6, Issue 4 , August 2021, , Pages 217-223

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most prevalent disorder during pregnancy, which is the result of insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia due to the secretion of placental diabetogenic hormones. This study aimed to investigate the utility of glycated hemoglobin ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Bleeding Diathesis or Prothrombotic State, Which One Predict the COVID-19 Prognosis in Pregnancy?

Maryam Dehghan; Neda Ebrahimian; Leila Mousavi Seresht

Volume 6, Issue 4 , August 2021, , Pages 228-232

Abstract
  Background & Objective: Since the first reported respiratory distress syndrome due to the new version of the coronaviruses family, COVID-19, there is a concern about the possible maternal and perinatal outcome of new infection in a short and even long time, our information about the prognosis ...  Read More

Maternal Fetal Medicine
Maternal and Neonatal Complications of Asthma, a Study in Iran

Maryam Kashanian; Arezoo HoseiniMoghaddam; Seyyed Ali Javad Moosavi; Narges Sheikhansari; Hoda Abdollahi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , March 2021, , Pages 65-71

Abstract
  Background and Objective: Asthma is the most common chronic respiratory disorder during pregnancy and it may affect pregnancy outcomes. This study aims to compare the pregnancy, delivery and neonatal outcomes between asthmatic and non-asthmatic pregnant women.Methods: The study was designed as a historical ...  Read More